Why do nails turn brown?

by Alexis Till

The brown discoloration is due to a condition called “melanonychia,” which occurs when the nail has excess melanin, a dark brown or black pigment that colors the hair, skin and iris of the eye.

What vitamin deficiency causes brown lines in fingernails?

Nail color changes. Nail plate discoloration can result from several nutritional deficiencies. Research has shown vitamin B12 deficiency to cause brown-gray nail discoloration. White nails can be the result of anemia and pink or red nails may suggest malnutrition with several nutrient and vitamin deficiencies.

Can B12 deficiency cause nails?

Both iron and B12 are necessary for keeping nails strong and healthy. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can result in entirely blue nails, bluish-black pigments with wavy longitudinal dark streaks and brownish pigmentation ( 5 , 6 ).

Why do I have brown lines on my nails?

Melanonychia is caused when the pigment cells, called melanocytes, deposit melanin into the nail. Melanin is a brown colored pigment. These deposits are usually grouped together. As your nail grows, it causes the stripe of brown or black to appear on your nail.

How do you get rid of brown nails?

– Use denture cleaner. …
– Use hydrogen peroxide and baking soda. …
– Use lemon juice and soapy water. …
– Use white vinegar. …
– Scrub your nails. …
– Use baking soda paste. …
– Rub lemon juice. …
– Use lemon juice and baking soda paste.

What does it mean when your nails are brown?

The brown discoloration is due to a condition called “melanonychia,” which occurs when the nail has excess melanin, a dark brown or black pigment that colors the hair, skin and iris of the eye.

Is Melanonychia serious?

Melanonychia, or melanin-derived brown-to-black nail pigmentation, is a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. The most serious disease of the nail unit, melanoma, primarily presents with melanonychia.

What causes brown finger nails?

Melanonychia is caused when the pigment cells, called melanocytes, deposit melanin into the nail. Melanin is a brown colored pigment. These deposits are usually grouped together. As your nail grows, it causes the stripe of brown or black to appear on your nail.

What Brown nails mean?

If you have brown fingernails and the discoloration is round, as opposed to linear, it could be another condition. For example, brown spots on nails, especially if they’re pitted, could be a sign of nail psoriasis. Course of action: Get any brown pigmentation on your nail checked out by a dermatologist.

What do nails look like with anemia?

Anemia is a condition where your body lacks enough hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. While fatigue is the leading sign of anemia, this condition can also show itself through brittle or spoon-shaped nails — called koilonychia.

How do you treat brown lines on nails?

Most causes of black lines on the nail do not require treatment. Melanoma is an exception. A doctor will usually first remove the area of melanoma as well as the skin under the fingernail. A doctor can perform a skin graft over the fingernail to improve the finger’s appearance post-surgery.

Is Melanonychia a cancer?

If your melanonychia is malignant or cancerous, then the tumor or cancerous area must be completely removed. The may mean that you’ll lose all or part of your nail. In some cases, the finger or toe that has the tumor may have to be amputated.

Why are my fingernails turning brown?

The most common causes of yellow or brown fingernails are the frequent use of nail polish and cigarette smoking. Taking a break on the polish or quitting smoking may allow the dark nail to grow out as the new nail comes in.

What causes brown discoloration of fingernails?

The brown discoloration is due to a condition called “melanonychia,” which occurs when the nail has excess melanin, a dark brown or black pigment that colors the hair, skin and iris of the eye.

Why do I have lines on my nails?

The bottom line Ridges in the fingernails are often normal signs of aging. Slight vertical ridges commonly develop in older adults. In some cases, they may be a sign of health problems like vitamin deficiencies or diabetes. Deep horizontal ridges, called Beau’s lines, may indicate a serious condition.

How do you treat brown nails?

– Wear shoes that fit properly to avoid injury.
– Keep your toenails trimmed short.
– Wear clean socks.
– Dry your feet well after swimming or showering.
– Avoid walking barefoot, especially in public places.
– Avoid putting on socks or shoes while your feet are damp.

Is Melanonychia always cancer?

The most serious disease of the nail unit, melanoma, primarily presents with melanonychia. However, melanonychia most often occurs as a result of benign etiologies such as nail matrix melanocytic activation, nail matrix melanocytic hyperplasia, and nail invasion by melanin-producing pathogens.

What vitamin deficiency causes lines in nails?

If your body is low in protein, calcium, zinc, or vitamin A, a deficiency can sometimes be revealed by ridges in your fingernails.

Is B12 good for hair and nails?

Supports Healthy Hair, Skin and Nails. Given vitamin B12’s role in cell production, adequate levels of this vitamin are needed to promote healthy hair, skin and nails.

How do you get rid of brown toenails at home?

The only way to get rid of nail polish-related discoloration is to take a break from painting your nails. Even a break of just two or three weeks can resolve the issue.

What do fingernails look like with liver disease?

Nails that are entirely white except for a small band of pink or brown at the tip are called Terry’s nails. They’re most often seen in people with severe liver disease. Nails that are half white and half dark are called Lindsay’s nails. They’re most often associated with kidney disease.

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