Trees are essential to our life on Earth.
They make the oxygen we need to live.
They absorb carbon dioxide.
They eliminate pollution. They give us freshness and shade. They produce food and control erosion.
And the list of their benefits is still long!
With this in mind, we have decided to put the spotlight on the most incredible trees on the planet.
They look like gentle giants. Motionless, silent and unarmed, they are nevertheless subject to the madness of men. Poor people…
They are generally poorly protected. And very few people really respect them. And yet, at the same time, we are so dependent on their existence.
Without further ado, here are the 10 most incredible trees in the world. Look :
1. Methuselah: the oldest tree in the world
Considered the oldest tree in the world, this ancient Bristlecone pine lives 3,000 meters above sea level in the Inyo National Forest, California, United States. Hidden among its fellows in the ancient Bristlecone pine forest of the White Mountains, Methuselah is some 5,000 years old. For its protection, its exact location is kept secret by the rangers. Which means no one knows exactly where that tree is.
2. Hyperion: the tallest tree in the world
The largest living tree is a yew-leaved sequoia over 115 meters in length discovered by Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor in California’s Redwood National Park in 2006. Hyperion is a soldier. It survives on a hill, rather than growing in an alluvial plain, an environment more typical for this type of tree. The duo who discovered Hyperion is also behind the discovery of 2 other sequoias in the same park: Hélios (115 meters) and Icare (114.70 meters). These 2 giants had dethroned the previous record held by Stratosphere Giant, then considered to be the largest tree in the world with its 112.34 meters.
Want to see something awesome? Watch this video in which a canopy scientist climbs Hyperion to take an official height measurement.
3. General Sherman: the biggest tree in the world
What is the synonym of majestic? How about “General Sherman”? This huge and venerable tree is found in Sequoia National Park in California. Its trunk measures between 1.80 and 2 meters in length. This giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is neither the largest, nor the largest, or even the oldest living tree that we know of. But with its height of 83.82 meters, its diameter of 7.62 meters and its estimated volume of 1,487 m3, it is the largest. Not to mention his respectable age: between 2,300 and 2,700 years. It is one of the longest lifetimes for a tree on the planet.
4. Jomon Sugi: the largest conifer in Japan
With a height of 25.30 meters and a circumference of 16.15 meters, Jomon Sugi is the tallest conifer in Japan. This Cryptomeria japonica grew up in a misty, ancient forest at an elevation of 1,280 meters on the north face of the highest mountain on Yakushima Island. It is also known to be the oldest tree in Japan. The estimate of his age varies between 2,170 and 7,200 years. To see Jomon Sugi, the curious can take a 4 to 5 hour hike. Which doesn’t seem to deter people from coming on pilgrimage to pay homage to this shy old beauty.
5. Pando: the oldest living organism on the planet
Pando (from Latin pandere to extend, to deploy) is not a simple tree. Rather, it is a colony of trembling aspen clones. With an age of 80,000 years, it is the oldest living organism in the world. Being in Utah in the United States, he is nicknamed the “trembling giant”. This 42.50 ha colony is made up of genetically identical trees linked by a single root system. Remarkably, according to some estimates, this forest could be 1 million years old! It would therefore precede the 1st homo sapiens by some 800,000 years. Pando holds another impressive record: with its 6,615 tonnes, it is also the heaviest living organism on earth.
6. El Arbol del Tule: the tree with the greatest circumference
Formerly, the Chestnut Tree of the Hundred Horses was the tree with the greatest circumference. But currently, the tree that holds this record is known as El Arbol del Tule. It grows inside a sanctuary closed to the public in the city of Santa Maria del Tule in Oaxaca, Mexico. The circumference of this Montezuma cypress is more than 36.27 meters for a height of 11.28 meters. Unbelievable ! To give you an idea of its width, imagine that it takes 10 mid-size cars put end to end to circle this tree.
7. The Chata igner des 100 Chevaux: the largest and oldest chestnut tree in the world
Located on the eastern side of Etna in Sicily, the Chestnut Tree of the Hundred Horses is not only the largest; it is also the oldest and most famous chestnut tree in the world. This giant beauty held the world record for the largest circumference of a tree entered in the Guinness Book of Records. Measured in 1780, this tree had a circumference of 57.91 meters. But since then, its trunk has separated into 3 parts. This record therefore no longer belongs to him. The name of this tree comes from a legend according to which the Queen of Aragon and her company of one hundred knights took refuge under its protective branches during a storm.
8. Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi: the most sacred tree
Given their ecological importance, one might consider that all trees should be sacred. Well the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, he really is. This sacred fig tree is found in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is believed to be a cutting from the historic Bodhi tree in India under which Buddha attained enlightenment. It was planted in 288 BC, therefore making it the oldest living tree planted by humans. It is considered one of the most sacred relics of Buddhists in Sri Lanka. As such, it is worshiped and visited by Buddhists from all over the world.
9. Old Tjikko: the tree that is 9,550 years old!
At 4.88 meters high, this Norway spruce, also called common spruce, located on the Fulufjället Mountains in Sweden, is not very impressive at first glance. But you shouldn’t judge by appearances, right? The Tjikko is 9,500 years old. It is not the oldest tree on the planet, but it is the oldest single-stem clonal tree. This means that several trunks have a single root system. The trunk of the tree may be dead, but its roots are not. If the current trunk dies, another tree grows. For millennia, the harsh tundra climate preserved Tjikko and the neighboring trees as shrubs. But as the climate warmed up, a bush sprouted in the tree!
10. Endicott pear: the oldest fruit tree in the United States planted by Europeans
In 1630, an English Puritan named John Endicott – then Prime Minister of the Massachusetts Bay Colony – planted one of the first fruit trees grown in America. As he planted his pear seeds imported from Europe, Endicott proclaimed: “I hope this tree loves the land of the old world and, without a doubt, when we are dead it will still be alive.” Indeed, 385 years later, the tree claims the title of the oldest cultivated living fruit tree in North America … and it still offers its pears to passers-by.
Do you like beautiful trees? So I advise you to read this magnificent book: Encounters with magnificent trees.
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This 117 Meter Residential Tower is the First Building Covered with Evergreen Trees.